Some believe that the story of Dionysus is an adaptation of the Egyptian story of Horus / Osiris. This concept of God-becoming-man, being killed then hung on a tree, was well known to the non-Jews during the Roman Empire.

Dionysus, conceived by a virgin, God-made-man come to die for humans then hung on a tree:

Jesus with Mary Mosaic entitled "House of Dionysus" Dionysus is "lifted up on a tree" in Spring ritual Dionysus hung on tree with sacrament of loaves of bread and jars of wine  

On the left is an amulet made from a plaster cast. The original was housed in the Museum of Berlin but was lost during World War II. It does NOT depict Jesus crucified, in fact it is Dionysus (also know as Baccus)
On the right, an old man brings the holy child Dionysus a large cross as an omen of his ultimate fate.

Jesus was also "hung on a tree"

The God of our fathers raised Jesus from the dead–whom you had killed by hanging him on a tree.
- Acts 5:30

We are witnesses of everything he did in the country of the Jews and in Jerusalem. They killed him by hanging him on a tree,
-Acts 10:39

When they had carried out all that was written about him, they took him down from the tree and laid him in a tomb.
-Acts 13:29

He himself bore our sins in his body on the tree, so that we might die to sins and live for righteousness; by his wounds you have been healed.
- 1 Peter 2:24

"Christ redeemed us from the curse of the law by becoming a curse for us, for it is written: “Cursed is everyone who is hung on a tree.”

-Galatians 3:13

Another religious practice similar to Christianity was the symbolic re-enactment of the death of Osiris-Dionysus, in many areas using bread and wine to symbolise the body and the blood; this was partly chosen due to the original nature of the gods (for example, Dionysus was originally associated with grapes). One surviving inscription regarding this (and explicitly referring to a form of Osiris-Dionysus) states that "he who will not eat of my body and drink of my blood, so that he shall be made one with me and I with him, the same shall not know salvation".

Jesus with grapes
Antinous holdig cross and grapes
Christ is squeezed like a grapevine giving blood/wine to faithful. 15th Century German manuscript


Resurrection of Dionysus

Dionysus, a Greek God, and Osiris, an Egyptian God were viewed as mythical characters. Osiris may have been the first god-man. His story has been found recorded in pyramid texts which were written prior to 2,500 BCE. These and other saviors were truly interchangeable. Coins have been found with Dionysus on one side and Mithras on the other. A person who was initiated into one of the mysteries had no difficulty switching to another Pagan mystery religion.

In the 3rd century CE, these god-men were referred to by the composite name "Osiris-Dionysus." Authors Timothy Freke and Peter Gandy have used this term in their book "The Jesus Mysteries." 1

In the 3rd century CE, these god-men were referred to by the composite name "Osiris-Dionysus." Authors Timothy Freke and Peter Gandy have used this term in their book "The Jesus Mysteries." 1

Life events shared by Osiris, Dionysus and Jesus:
The following stories appear both in the Gospels and in the myths of many of the god-men: Conception: God was his father. This was believed to be literally true in the case of Osiris-Dionysus; their God came to earth and engaged in sexual intercourse with a human. The father of Jesus is God in the form of the Holy Spirit (Matthew 1:18).
A human woman, a virgin, was his mother.

Birth: He was born in a cave or cowshed. Luke 2:7 mentions that Jesus was placed in a manger - an eating trough for animals. One early Christian tradition said that the manger was in a cave.
His birth was prophesized by a star in the heavens.

Ministry: At a marriage ceremony, he performed the miracle of converting water into wine.
He was powerless to perform miracles in his home town.
His followers were born-again through baptism in water.
He rode triumphantly into a city on a donkey. Tradition records that the inhabitants waved palm leaves.
He had 12 disciples.
He was accused of licentious behavior.

Execution, resurrection, etc: He was killed near the time of the Vernal Equinox, about MAR-21.
He died "as a sacrifice for the sins of the world." 1
He was hung on a tree, stake, or cross.
After death, he descended into hell.
On the third day after his death, he returned to life.
The cave where he was laid was visited by three of his female followers
He later ascended to heaven.

His titles: God made flesh.
Savior of the world.
Son of God.

Beliefs about the God-man: He is "God made man," and equal to the Father.
He will return in the last days.
He will judge the human race at that time.
Humans are separated from God by original sin. The god-man's sacrificial death reunites the believer with God and atones for the original sin.

All of the Pagan myths had been circulating for centuries before Jesus birth (circa 4 to 7 BCE). It is obvious that if any copying occurred, it was the followers of Jesus incorporating into his biography the myths and legends of Osiris-Dionysus, not vice-versa.



  • 1. References
    Timothy Freke & Peter Gandy, "The Jesus Mysteries: Was the 'original Jesus' a Pagan god?" Acacia Press, (1999). Read reviews or order this book safely from online book store


Original site: information on Christian sycretism

This is disputed here: